Public Opinion and Voting Behavior

Gender, Campaign Contributions, and State Intermediate Appellate Court Elections

Andrew Smith
Conny Kazungu University of Tennessee at Knoxville
The effect of gender on state judicial elections is well-traversed, but what is understudied is whether gender affects contributions to state judicial campaigns, particularly in state intermediate appellate courts. Using campaign contribution data from 1994-2012, we analyze whether women are less likely than men to receive higher donation amounts, and whether differences in fundraising between male and female candidates differs between Southern and non-Southern states. We conclude that gender does significantly impact donations in state IAC campaigns, with Southern female candidates raising more money than male candidates, and non-Southern female candidates raising less money than male candidates. We conclude by discussing our findings and where research should proceed.