Public Opinion and Voting Behavior
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Gender, Campaign Contributions, and State Intermediate Appellate Court Elections

Andrew Smith
,
Conny Kazungu University of Tennessee at Knoxville
Abstract
The effect of gender on state judicial elections is well-traversed, but what is understudied is whether gender affects contributions to state judicial campaigns, particularly in state intermediate appellate courts. Using campaign contribution data from 1994-2012, we analyze whether women are less likely than men to receive higher donation amounts, and whether differences in fundraising between male and female candidates differs between Southern and non-Southern states. We conclude that gender does significantly impact donations in state IAC campaigns, with Southern female candidates raising more money than male candidates, and non-Southern female candidates raising less money than male candidates. We conclude by discussing our findings and where research should proceed.
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