Paula ArmendarizUniversity of Minnesota
Democracy is in danger, as fewer people seem to think of it as a desirable form of government. Current explanations based on economic development and governmental performance offer a narrow explanation for why some people reject democracy and subsequently support autocratic forms of governance. I offer a novel argument based on personality psychology. I argue that individuals who are low on the personality trait of openness – what I term closed personalities – are more supportive of autocracy. Closed personalities tend to seek political arrangements that repress diversity and enforce submission to authorities. Moreover, I hold that under conditions of crisis and civil disobedience threats, closed people activate their tendency to support autocracy. Using data from the 2010 AmericasBarometer and original survey experiments in Chile and Ecuador, I show how closed individuals tend to be highly supportive of autocracy and how conditions of crisis and civil disobedience affect closed personalities.
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