Public Policy

Public Policy

Local Effects of State Takeovers: Drinking water systems in Michigan

Sara Hughes University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
,
Andrew Dick University of Toronto
,
Anna Kopec University of Toronto
Abstract
This paper is motivated by the growing use of state takeovers of local units of government and the growing financial precarity of many U.S. cities. Takeover policies have been shown broadly to disproportionately target low income and minority communities and to prioritize service reduction and cost cutting measures. Michigan's state takeover policy, Public Act 436, has come under particular scrutiny due to its role in the Flint water crisis. In this paper, we examine the implementation of PA 436 to determine if majority-black cities in financial distress have been more likely to trigger the provisions of Public Act 436. We then use case studies to determine the consequences of emergency management for drinking water services. Our findings have implications for the study of state takeovers and their local effects, and for the evaluation of Michigan’s Public Act 436, which remains in place despite significant controversy.
Content
Thumbnail image of content item
Comments
Log in using your APSA account or Register to comment
Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy – please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.