Public Opinion and Voting Behavior

Does it Matter to be Informal? Type of employment and political opinions in the MENA region

Anil Duman Central European University


The paper analyzes the relationship between informal employment and political opinions in the MENA region using IV estimation techniques. We argue that working in the informal sector has a negative impact on how individuals view government’s performance even after controlling for a battery of socio-economic characteristics. Our findings reveal that both narrow and broader definition of informal employment in the MENA region is significantly increasing the likelihood of adverse perceptions. Individuals in the informal sector are more skeptical about government’s performance in job creation and redistribution. Also, their level of trust for political actors are lower and they declare greater levels of corruption. Moreover, we demonstrated that the impact is not conditional on incomes and even respondents belonging to high income households in the MENA region evaluate the government more negatively if they are in the informal sector. Our results are robust to sampling, recoding variables, and model selection.


Thumbnail image of informal.pdf


Log in or register with APSA to comment open_in_new
Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy open_in_new – please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here open_in_new .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy open_in_new and Terms of Service open_in_new apply.