Public Opinion and Voting Behavior

Measuring Minority Integration: Conceptualization and Operationalization Issues



The paper addresses the issue of using opinion surveys to evaluate the relationships among a country's communal groups, specifically, between majorities and minorities. Previous literature happened to use surveys either to measure the "integration of minorities" ( or the patriotism level of minorities (e.g. Elkins &Stride 2007, Cebotari 2009). Beyond the usefulness of opinion surveys, there are some questions about which survey items are the best to use. The paper argues for gradually phasing out the "pride" question on behalf of the "attachment" question, and involving items inquiring about the quality of democracy in the respondents’ countries. Based on WVS and ISSP data, the paper shows that the minority-majority gap tends to meaningfully co-vary with the actual empowerment of the minorities in the respective countries. The finding is paralleled with an economy-based variation of democracy assessments, showing that poorer respondents tend to give lower evaluation of democracy than better-off respondents.


Thumbnail image of Measuring Minority Integration.pdf

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of WVS Round 6 & 7 merged results.xlsx
WVS R6&7 Findings
Analyses were carried out at country-level, this file contains the country-level values from the WVS Round 6 and 7, and the principal component and cluster analysis results referenced in the paper.
Thumbnail image of Intro WVS disaggregated US results.xlsx
Findings reported in the Introduction of the paper
These are tables and charts produced with the WVS website's interactive feature


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