Public Opinion and Voting Behavior

Pandemic Election: The Interactive Effects of COVID-19 and Age Across States and Counties in the 2020 Presidential Election



The 2020 Presidential General Election represented the first modern presidential election to occur during a pandemic. The highly contagious coronavirus presented added risk for in-person voting, especially among the 60+ population. What effect did the Covid-19 pandemic have on in-person voting across states and counties? This paper builds off of previous research conducted by the author that found an interactive effect between county Covid-19 rates and voter age during the Florida 2020 Presidential Preference Primary in March 2020. Older voters in counties with a high Covid-19 rate were less likely to turnout than younger voters in low Covid-19 counties. Does this pattern remain nearly 8 months later in Florida and other states? Using individual voter data from Arizona and Florida, I study the interactive effects of a voter's age with the level of Covid-19 prevalence in their respective county on their likelihood of voting in person on Election Day.


Thumbnail image of Pandemic Election.pdf


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