Intersectality on the Global Stage: How the Multifaceted Identities of Nations Shape International Relations

13 March 2024, Version 1
This content is an early or alternative research output and has not been peer-reviewed at the time of posting.


This article introduces the concept of "intersectality" as an innovative framework for analyzing international relations, adapted from the social science principle of intersectionality. Intersectality examines how various aspects of a country's identity—such as race, polity, value, religion, language, location, history, economic status, military power, and alliances—interact and overlap, leading to unique positions and behaviors on the global stage. Through a theoretical exploration and diverse case studies, including the United States, Russia, Germany, Singapore, Turkey, and South Africa, this work demonstrates how intersectality influences diplomatic relations, conflict, cooperation, and the functioning of global governance bodies like the UN and WTO. The article highlights both the potential of intersectality to enhance understanding and cooperation among nations and the challenges it poses to traditional international law and policy. It argues for the adoption of intersectality in international relations discourse to foster a more inclusive, equitable, and effective global community.


International Relations
National Identity
Global Governance
Diplomatic Relations
Conflict and Cooperation
International Law
Policy Challenges
Multifaceted Identities


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