Proportional Representation through Fractional Voting Power of Representatives

18 March 2024, Version 1
This content is an early or alternative research output and has not been peer-reviewed at the time of posting.


A new electoral system, in which the winning candidates receive the fractional voting powers equal to the share of electorates supporting their party, is presented within the Canadian context. With a minor increase in the number of elected representatives, the proposed system guarantees perfect proportionality, preserves local constituency representation, respects every single cast ballot, suppresses strategic voting, political regionalism, and possibility of gerrymandering, without the need for any change in the voting process. Every single valid vote cast in the election to any party or candidate influences the outcome of the election in this system. The details of the proposed electoral system are discussed, and its unique characteristics are explored. Possible variations of the proposed system are also presented. The notion of governing instability resulted from proportionality is specifically discussed in the Canadian context. The 2021 Canadian federal election is analysed in detail applying the proposed system.


Proportional representation
electoral system
electoral reform
governing instability
fractional voting power
Canadian politics

Supplementary materials

The Appendix provides the detailed analysis of 2021 Canadian federal election, applying the proposed electoral system, discussed in the text.


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