You’ve Got a Friend: Religious Conservatives, Outsiders, and Social Bridging (APSA 2012 Annual Meeting Paper, JSSR submission 2014)

01 April 2024, Version 1
This content is an early or alternative research output and has not been peer-reviewed at the time of posting.


We formulate a three-part theory that links civil society organizations and social capital. Members of Protestant groupings that stress religious doctrines and that are historically less-established (e.g., Pentecostal, Jehovah’s Witnesses) report more close friends and racial diversity in their congregations, compared to other groupings (e.g., Baptist, Methodist). Attending a congregation that is racially diverse or that has many close friends predicts friendships with blacks, Hispanics and gays. White Christians with other-race friends are also more likely to report gay friends. Finally, close ties with Hispanics and gays are associated, respectively, with more support for immigration and same-sex rights.


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.