International Relations

Rebel Rivalry and The Strategic Nature of Rebel Group Ideology and Demands

Authors

Abstract

How does the presence of multiple combatants affect rebel groups’ ideological positioning? Although violent forms of inter-group conflict have been widely studied in the civil war literature, rebel groups’ strategic use of ideology has so far received scarce scholarly attention. We argue that the pressure of competition forces rebel groups to differentiate themselves ideologically from their rivals to maximize their chances of survival and success. Rebel groups strive to set themselves apart by offering unique ideological products to their supporters and recruits. Thus, we contend that rebel groups are more likely to modify their ideologies and demands from the government in the face of competition from rival groups. We test this theory using novel data collected from rebel group manifestos and public statements. Our findings suggest that groups are more likely to shift their ideology and modify their demands from the government as the number of rival groups increases.

Content

Thumbnail image of IdeologyManuscriptAPSA2019.pdf

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of A1.pdf
Appendix 1
Left-right ideology
Thumbnail image of A2 (1).pdf
Appendix 2
Religious ideology

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