U.S. Standardized Testing in the 21st Century: Lessons Learned

02 September 2023, Version 1
This content is an early or alternative research output and has not been peer-reviewed at the time of posting.


In the 21st century, many federal policies were enacted to reform and improve the American public education system, focusing on standardized testing. However, standardized testing policy has both positive and negative effects on students in the K-12 public education system. These effects are shown with both qualitative data and quantitative data in existing peer reviewed and grey literature. This research paper will analyze key findings from literature regarding previous and existing acts, such as No Child Left Behind and Every Student Succeeds Act. The key findings are used to critically analyze proposed legislation, such as HB-1471. It is imperative that mistakes from previous federal policy are not repeated.


Education Policy
Standardized Testing
No Child Left Behind
Every Student Succeeds Act
Public Education


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