Determinants of North American Chief Executives’ Immigration Actions: Racial Ideology, Partisanship, or Ethnic Identity?

18 January 2024, Version 1
This content is an early or alternative research output and has not been peer-reviewed at the time of posting.


This paper, a chapter from a book manuscript on the immigration policies of US presidents and Canadian prime ministers, aims to explain why individual chief executives took pro- or anti-immigration actions when proposing, signing, or vetoing bills and when issuing executive orders or orders in council. Based on my newly created database of all available immigration-related actions since 1789 or 1867, the Logit/General Estimating Equations analysis confirms the role of white supremacist ideology in both countries and of ethnic identity in the US but yields no support for the partisanship hypothesis.


prime ministers
white supremacy


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