Comparative Politics

How Violence Affects Protests

Zachary Steinert-Threlkeld Author ORCID home | opens in new tab University of California Los Angeles
,
Jungseock Joo University of California Los Angeles
,
Alexander Chan University of California Los Angeles

Abstract

A key determinant of whether social movements achieve their policy goal is how many people protest. How many people protest is in turn partially determined by violence from protesters and state agents. Previous work finds mixed results for violence. This paper reconciles the mixed results for violence by distinguishing between the timing of repression and its severity: low levels of state repression increase protest size while high levels decrease it, conditional on preventative repression failing. It evaluates the role of violence by applying deep learning techniques to geolocated images shared on social media. Across more than 4,300 observations of twenty-four cities from five countries, we find that protester violence is always associated with subsequently smaller protests, while low (high) levels of state violence correlate with increased (decreased) protest size.

Summary of changes from Version 1

Updated regression results with new controls. Flexible robustness checks - VAR, LOESS, binned results.

Content

Thumbnail image of content item
cloud_download

Comments

Log in or register with APSA to comment open_in_new
Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy open_in_new – please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here open_in_new .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy open_in_new and Terms of Service open_in_new apply.